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Smelting Songs from Central India: the Agaria

The Agaria are another group of tribal iron-smelters residing in the forested Central Indian highlands. Mythologically, the Agaria trace their origin from the “twelve Asur brothers” the sons of Sabar Sai, their ancestral deity. Like the Asur of Jharkhand, the Agaria worship Lohasur (God of Iron [ore]), Agyasur (God of Fire), and Koelasur (God of Charcoal).  Their mythology recounts the same tragic tale of the destruction of Lohripur, an iron fortress, ruled by the mythological king Logundi Raja where the “twelve Asur brothers” smelted iron and lived in prosperity*.

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